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SYSTEM OF INTERLOCKING BUILDING BLOCKS

RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application claims the benefit of U.S. provisional Application No. 61/*** filed **, 2009, which provisional Application is hereby incorporated herein by reference as though fully set forth hereat.

TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates generally to the field of building blocks. More particularly, the invention concerns building blocks of complimentary geometry that include interlocking mating elements.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Systems of cooperative mating building blocks are known. However, there continues to be a need for a system of building blocks which are exceptionally useful for constructing primary or precursor walled, roofed or habitable structures. Further, in the building construction arts, there continues to be a demand for systems of interlocking blocks that are more lightweight and can take on an initial form that is more volumetrically efficient for transportation to the construction site. Moreover, it is particularly desirable for such a system of blocks to enable the rapid construction of larger structural barriers and supports that can also interlock at various angles with respect to each other.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

By way of summary, embodiments concern a system of interlocking building blocks comprising at least one building block having first and second generally right triangular panels. Each of the first and second generally right triangular panels is bounded by base, opposite, and diagonal edges. The first and second generally right triangular panels are spaced apart and generally edge joined to mating edges of base, opposite, and diagonal generally rectangular side panels, respectively. Each of the generally rectangular side panels has approximately the same width. The lengths of the generally rectangular side panels are approximately coextensive with the aforementioned edges of the first and second generally right triangular panels to which they are joined, wherein the building block has a generally rectangular elevation form, a generally right triangular plan form, and a periphery generally defined by its respective generally rectangular side panels.
Each building block also comprises alternating male and female fastener elements arrayed generally around the periphery generally along each of the mating edges. The male fastener elements on opposed edges of the same generally rectangular side panel are offset generally diagonally from one another, and each male fastener element is aligned generally normally with a female fastener element on an opposed edge of the same generally rectangular side panel.
In embodiments, the alternating male and female elements are arrayed in a pattern that is joiningly complimentary with alternating female and male fastener elements on a similar copy of the building block. In further embodiments, the male fastener elements are lockingly insertable into adjacent female fastener elements on a similar copy of the building block. Embodiments may include more than one male fastener element on each mating edge. The male and female fastener elements are typically adapted to being secured together by direct inter-engagement with one another.
In certain embodiments, the building block is formed from a single folded flat sheet. The building block may be hollow or not hollow. The building block may also be molded in one piece.
In embodiments, the system of interlocking building blocks may include a support beam located adjacent at least one of the generally rectangular side panels.
Embodiments commonly include a second building block that is substantially a copy of the building block discussed above, wherein the building block and the second building block are positioned adjacent one another with an edge of the first right triangular panel of the building block being adjacent an edge of the second right triangular panel of the second building block with a male fastener element in the building block received in a female fastener element in the second building block. In such embodiments, the building block and the second building block may be positioned adjacent one another with a base generally rectangular side panel of the building block adjacent to an opposite generally rectangular side panel of the second building block. Alternatively, the building block and the second building block may be positioned adjacent one another with a base generally rectangular side panel of the building block adjacent to a base generally rectangular side panel of the second building block. In certain embodiments, the building block may include an end flap adapted to being adherently affixed to a rectangular side panel of the second building block.
A structural barrier may be formed which comprises at least a building block and a second building block. In such an embodiment, the second building block is substantially a copy of the building block, and the building block and the second building block may be positioned adjacent one another with an edge of the first right triangular panel of the building block being adjacent an edge of the second right triangular panel of the second building block with a male fastener element in the building block received in a female fastener element in the second building block. Such an embodiment may include a third building block.
The third building block comprises third and fourth generally right triangular walls, each of the third and fourth generally right triangular walls is bounded by first, second, and third generally linear boundaries. The third and fourth generally right triangular walls are spaced apart and generally joined to mating generally linear boundaries of first, second, and third generally rectangular side walls, respectively. Each of the generally rectangular side walls has approximately the same width. The lengths of the generally rectangular side walls are approximately coextensive with the generally linear boundaries of the first and second generally right triangular walls to which they are joined, wherein the third building block has a generally rectangular elevation form, a generally right triangular plan form, and a circumference generally defined by the respective generally rectangular side walls.
The third building block also comprises alternating male and female attachment elements which are arrayed generally around the circumference generally along each of the mating generally linear boundaries. The male attachment elements on opposed generally linear boundaries of the same generally rectangular side wall are offset generally diagonally from one another. Each male attachment element is aligned generally normally with a female attachment element on an opposed edge of the same generally rectangular side wall. At least one of the first, second, and third generally rectangular side walls is about the same length as one of the base, opposite, and diagonal generally rectangular side panels. In embodiments, one of the building block and second building block is positioned adjacent the third building block with the generally rectangular side wall and the generally rectangular side panel that are of the same length positioned adjacent one another with at least one edge and one generally linear boundary being adjacent one another and with at least one male fastener element received in a female attachment element.
In certain embodiments forming a structural barrier, at least one of the first, second, and third generally rectangular sidewalls is a different length than the respective one of the base, opposite, and diagonal generally rectangular side panels.
Further, the third building block may be located in a different plane than at least one of the building block and the second building block, in which case the building block and second building block may form a portion of a vertical wall section of a roofed structure while the third building block forms a portion of a roof of said roofed structure.
In embodiments in which multiple planar sections of one or more structural barriers are joined at an angle with respect to each other, such as in a roofed structure, the exposed edge joints between the planar sections may be filled in by way of vertical, horizontal or diagonal edge closures comprising alternating male and female fastener elements complimentary to those of the building blocks to which they are fastened.

Patent Drawings

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2011 Gregg Fleishman

 

 

 

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